An article by Ankit Bhagwat, Business Writer, The Times of India, November 13, 2019, 11:30 pm ETThe last time India saw a peak in CO2 emissions was in 2007, when India was in the midst of the worst industrial crisis since World War II.
It was the start of the government’s “zero emissions” campaign.
The aim was to curb CO2 from the power sector, the transportation sector, industry and residential and commercial buildings, which accounted for almost 70 per cent of India’s CO2 emission.
Since then, India’s greenhouse gas emissions have risen significantly.
The latest data from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) shows that India’s carbon emissions in 2020 have surpassed those in 1990.
It is now the world’s fifth largest CO2 emitter.
India is also the second largest exporter of CO2 to the world after China, and it is the world leader in CO3 emissions.
Its emissions rose by 8.5 per cent in 2020 compared with 7.2 per cent a year earlier.
India’s coal-fired power plants accounted for half of the country’s CO 2 emissions in the year to June 2020.
But India has seen some of its biggest power stations shut down since the start.
Some of the biggest closures are in Gujarat, which has seen its coal-to-gas power generation halved since 2011.
The biggest coal-burning power plants in India have closed down for a number of reasons, including power shortages due to the drought, corruption scandals and coal mine shutdowns.
The state government has recently asked coal-burners to submit bids for new coal plants, a move that could help to ease the CO2 crisis in the state.
In September, India announced a moratorium on new coal-mining projects in the country, a step that may be seen as a relief to some coal-lobbyists in the national capital.
The moratorium was supposed to last till March 2019.
But in April, the coal-industry and opposition parties were able to push through the moratorium by a margin of around seven months.
A number of the coal mines and power stations that shut down were owned by state-owned enterprises, which include the Bharat Coal Corporation and the Coal Block Corporation of India (CBCCI), which owns several coal blocks in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and West Bengal.
According to the Coal India website, the Coal block is responsible for the production of about 85 per cent per cent (of India’s total coal production) of the nation’s total energy consumption.CBCCI owns more than 600 coal mines, including in Andamans, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and is also a major player in the production and sale of coal.
According the Coal ministry, the company has exported around Rs 1,400 crore worth of coal, with exports to Bangladesh totalling about Rs 500 crore.